EXC | DEV | Documentation | Version 1.0


In EXC components are used to provide an enhanced behavior to existing HTML controls and to create new controls and UI elements.

EXC comes with a set of built-in components and you may create your own.

Adding a component

Use the html tag <w></w> as a shorthand to add a component to your html.

<w type="textbox" name="username"></w>

The shorthand tag <w> requires a minimum of two attributes type and name, each component may require additional attributes.

  • type string(string) The component type identifier.
  • name string A unique name for the element.

For example:

<w type="textbox" name="username" default="" suffix='<i class="la la-user"></i>' attr='{"placeholder":"Username1"}'></w>

Here is an alternate syntax using the attribute def with a JSON payload:

<w def='{"type":"textbox", "name":"username", "default":"","attr":{"placeholder":"Username"}, "suffix":"<i class=\"la la-user\"></i>"}'></w>

Getting a reference to a component

In JS a component instance is nothing more than a HTML element decorated with additional functionality.

To obtain an instance we use the name of element:

	var widgetUsername = exc.component.get("fldUsername");
	var value = widgetUsername.getValue();

Actually in addition to the name you can pass an html element or a string with a selector to exc.component.get().

This function uses the attribute type to determine what kind of component is represented by an element. For some other cases the function exc.component.get() takes an optional second argument with the id of a component to be returned.

The function exc.component.get() will return undefined if not found. If a selector matches more than one element it will return the first matched element.

Component textbox

Property Description
type Required Value is "textbox"
name Required A name for this widget.
disabled Make it disabled
help Help or Alt/Title attribute of the textbox.
width Set a fixed width. Value must include a css unit, for example "100px".
size Size attribute of textbox.
placeholder Placeholder attribute of the textbox.
prefix Decorates a textbox with an icon or text at the beginning.
suffix Decorates a textbox with an icon or text at the end.

Methods of textbox

This component inherits methods from generic.

Function Syntax Description
enable enabled()
disable disable()
focus focus()
setValue setValue(value) Sets the value.
getValue getValue() Returns the value.

Component Checkbox

Property Description
type Required Value is "check"
name Required A name for this widget.
disabled Make it disabled
help Help or Alt/Title attribute of the textbox.
label The label for the checkbox
default The default value, either "1" or "0"
<w type="formRow">
	<w type="formField" caption="Checkbox">
		<w type="check" name="check1" label="Option 1" m-model="user_record"></w>
		<w type="check" name="check2" m-model="user_record">Option 2</w>

Methods of checkbox

This component inherits methods from generic.

Function Syntax Description
enable enabled()
disable disable()
focus focus()
setValue setValue(value) Sets the value. Either 1 or 0.
getValue getValue() Returns the value. Either 1 or 0.
toggle toggle() Toggles the value.

Value Modifiers

A textbox supports value modifiers to control the value returned by the widget.

Name Type Description
.value-use-suffix class The value returned by this widget will have its suffix appended. (See: attribute suffix )
m-value-max attribute Max numeric value that can be returned. Ex: m-value-max="5000"
m-value-min attribute Min numeric value that can be returned. Ex: m-value-min="1000"
m-value-strip attribute Strips the string matched in the RegEx given. Ex: m-value-strip="(\@.*)$"
m-value-round-up attribute Rounds up the value to the given decimal precision. Ex: m-value-round-up="2"
m-value-round-down attribute Rounds down the value to the given decimal precision. Ex: m-value-round-down="2"
m-value-with-decimals attribute Formats number with the given number of decimals. It rounds up when required, except when 0 decimals is specified, in which case decimals are truncated. Ex: m-value-with-decimals="2"
m-value-with-suffix attribute Appends the string given to the value returned.
m-value-without-suffix attribute Removes the string given from the end of the value returned.

Defining a Component

A new component is made available by registering its definition. This is done by calling:


Component Definition

A component definition is an object with properties that define your component and some callback handlers to render the html and implement its behavior.

The following are the properties of a component definition:

Name Type Declaration Description
id string Required The name of this component. It must be unique and only use alphanumeric characters and the underscore.

For example:
id: "textbox"
selectors array of strings Required A list of selectors that identify or match this component.

For example:
selectors: [ "[w='textbox']" ]
setter function function(node, value) Optional Called to set the value of the widget represented by this component.
getter function function(node) Optional Returns the value of the widget represented by this component.
vs string or plain object Optional A string with the name of a build in value provider interface (eg: "value", "attr", "hidden") or a plain object with a getter function and a setter function.

The signature of a getter function is function(elm) and must return a value.

The signature of a setter function is function(elm, value).

You may use the getter or setter functions instead.
isContainer boolean Optional Indicates that this component is a container for other components or HTML content. Default value is false.
inherits array of strings Optional Name of other components from where we get functionality.

Example: inherits: ['container']
fn plain object Optional Additional functionality implemented by an instance of this component. The functions in this object will be added to the element.
onInit callback function(node) Optional Called to initialize the element that represents this component.

This function should be used to perform post processing that requires you to have the DOM of the component created. You may add event listeners required to implements the component's behavior.
onInstance callback function(node) Optional Called when an instance of this component was referenced.
build callback function(propertyBag) Optional Called when the component must build the corresponding HTML representation for a widget.

This function is called before anything is injected in the actual DOM.

The argument propertyBag is an object with the properties and attributes of the widget requested.

A propertyBag

When using a shorthand tag or creating instances of widgets/components dynamically from JS we use a propertyBag with all the properties and attributes of the desired widget.

EXC will create a propertyBag for the attributes in a shorthand tag <w></w> that will be passed to a build() calback in a component definition.

The following snippet shows some of the propertyBag functionality, for more details you should check some of the built-in components in the code repository for reference.

	var name =;
	//getting a property
	if( propertyBag.hasProperty("size") ){
		var size ="size");

	//copy css classes, "data-" attributes and exc's "m-" attributes to a node

Example definition:

	id: 'textbox',
	selectors: ["[w='textbox']"],
	vs: "value", //value source

	fn : { //a plain object of functions to be added to a widget instance
		play: function(){
			console.log("at play...");
	build: function(e){
		//Build a widget node, from the widget properties passed on e

		//basic things that should be done on build:

		//return a single node or an array of nodes like [ node1, node2]
		return node;
	onInit: function(node){
		//Initialize the component's contents, called after a widget is built or a widget node is found
		exc.components.installValueInterface(node,"value", this); //sets a value interface
	onInstance: function(node){
		//A widget reference is requested for the node (instance of this component).
		//decorate or add special functionality, beyond what is defined in fn

More obscure details :)

The w attribute

An html element in your DOM that corresponds to a component is tagged with the attribute w that has the id of the component it represents.

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